30 curiosities that maybe you did not know about Nicaragua, we started
The name of Nicaragua comes from Nahuatl, which in that language means here beside the water. Although there is another version less supported by the historians who suggest that the name of Nicaragua comes from the name of the Amerindian king ‘Nicarao’ who reigns part of what is now Nicaragua and Costa Rica before the arrival of the Spanish.
Nicaragua is a country very rich in water resources. Only Lake Cocibolca has an extension of 8264 square kilometers, being the largest in Central America and the third largest lake in Latin America. Lake Xolotlán is the second largest lake in Central America and the Coco River is the longest river located entirely in Central America.
the national theater Rubén Darío is considered by the New York Times the best theater in Latin America for its acoustic design.
Nicaragua is located in the Pacific fire belt the most seismic area of the planet It is a very seismically active country that is why its capital does not have many buildings also has 58 volcanic formations of which 6 are active volcanoes other formations are its lagoons volcanic areas that are distributed in a large part of its territory that are even in its capital, being Managua the only capital in the world that has volcanic lagoons in its interior and around.
In the city of Granada, the International Poetry Festival is held, which brings together poets from all over the world. In February 2017, it won the Discovery Channel Latin America contest and is recognized as the best colonial city in Latin America.
The city of León has the largest cathedral in Central America and the third largest in the American continent, its construction lasted 69 years from 1747 to 1816. Its historical value is such that it has been recognized as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
Nicaragua is the sixth safest country in Latin America and the Caribbean according to the global index of peace and according to the United Nations program for development Nicaragua is the safest country in Central America with a homicide rate and 8.7 per 100,000 inhabitants.
Within Lake Cocibolca we find the island of Ometepe, which is the volcanic island within a larger lake in the world is composed of two volcanoes one is active and the other is inactive on its shores during the day appears the point Jesus Mary that It reaches a kilometer long and it is covered by the waters at night. In addition to Ometepe is the Zapatera Island, the Isletas de Granada which coincidentally total 365, the Archipelago of Solentiname, the islands of the Nancital archipelago and many more.
Nicaragua is the largest country in Central America with an area of 130370 square kilometers, a surface very similar to that of countries such as Greece or North Korea.
Nicaragua has dishes, drinks and desserts very varied among the most representative we can mention the nacatamal, the vigorón baho, the tamale, the cheese soup, the rondón, the beef soup, the quesillo, the enchiladas, the mondongo soup, the cajetas, the chicha, the pozol, the pinol and the gallo pinto being the latter the Nicaraguan dish par excellence.
In Nicaragua the official language is Spanish but they have other languages that have survived since before the colony and others have been brought from other regions of the most important we can mention Creole English, Garifuna, Misquito, Juice, Guatuso, the ulgua and the branch.
The climate of Nicaragua is very varied and has a tropical climate with two well-defined seasons in almost all of its territory. The dry also called summer and the rainy also called winter does not feel neither spring and autumn.
Nicaragua is one of the main producers of tobacco in the continent is for all the year 2015 about $ 2000000 in snuff 90% of exports correspond to pure premium this is because the quality of the soil of volcanic origin is very suitable for any especially the tobacco leaf, making this country one of the top three producers of cigars of excellence, along with Cuba and the Dominican Republic.
In Nicaragua most of its streets have no name but this has not been a problem for its inhabitants, because they designed a fairly effective reference system can use a tree, a traffic light, a monument or any important point and from pointing to how many blocks and what direction is the point you want and imagine how hard a taxi driver lives.
Augusto Sandino was a leader of the Nicaraguan resistance who fought against the US occupation army in Nicaragua during the first half of the 20th century. His guerrilla struggle managed to get the United States troops out of the country but not before creating the national guard and putting the General Anastasio Somoza García who ordered the assassination of Sandino on the orders of the US Embassy.
Nicaragua poses amazing islands and cays in the Caribbean Sea such as the Miskito Cays in which more than 66 formations are grouped, between islands and mangroves, which provide shelter to a large number of plants and animals alongside small indigenous fishing communities in addition to the Corn Island or Corn Islands which are two small neighboring islands that turn out to be a true Caribbean paradise thanks to its white sand beaches and turquoise waters its coconut trees, its coral reefs and the immense tranquility of its surroundings.
Each year a street in the city of León is filled with sawdust carpets that represent scenes of Holy Week. These carpets are displayed on a street in front of the cathedral of León and they also participate in a competition. The competition is hard because every year they can compete between 30 to 40 rugs.
All species of sea turtles are protected in Nicaragua, since in this country there are 2 of the 7 unique beaches of the Oceanic Basin where the turtles lay their eggs.
The king of sports in Nicaragua is baseball followed very closely by boxing in these 2 sports Nicaragua has been significantly highlighted worldwide, although today football is gaining popularity among young people starting to be very strong in recent years.
The legend says that there are 6 doors that give access to hell itself, one of them is Nicaragua is the Masaya Volcano in this place it is said that during the years of the conquest a friar descended the crater with a small wooden cross as the only protection He crossed the dark caverns and broke his glass the clouds of sulfur that threatened to suffocate him, once down he saw what for some is one of the accesses to the kingdom of satan as an alert and as an invitation to repentance he placed a wooden cross to protect this mouth of hell.
The Somoto Canyon is one of the oldest rock formations in Central America with 15 million years old located in the department of Madrid this geological fault forms the birth of the Coco River and is one of the most important ecotourism centers of the department.
the Nicaraguan Rubén Darío was a poet, journalist and diplomat and the greatest representative of literary modernism in the Spanish language is possibly the poet who has had a greater and more lasting influence on the poetry of the 20th century in the Hispanic world what has given him the name of the prince of the Castilian letters.
Ron Flor de Caña is a brand of rum produced and distributed by the liquor company of Nicaragua s.a. being recognized as one of the best in Latin America having won more than 120 international awards since 2000
Nicaragua became independent from Spain on September 15, 1821 and its inhabitants have a very peculiar way of celebrating this act, because before each September 15, the torch of freedom is taken out, which takes a tour that starts from Guatemala and ends in Costa Rica this tour does it in public schools, private and government institutions because with delay the departure at full gallop of the people who announced the independence of Central America.
The main carnival event in Nicaragua is celebrated its capital, the carnival joy for life that attracts thousands of people every year to him come between 50 to 60 comparsas who come from each region of the country to parade in a journey of one kilometer long reflecting the culture of each of them.
Nicaragua has 71 protected areas, which is equivalent to 17% of the national territory. One of the most impressive is the Bosawás biosphere reserve, the banana river biosphere reserve of Honduras, which forms the protected natural area of Central America.
To those who are known colloquially with two gentilicios one of Nica abbreviation of his formal name and the other is Pinolero that comes from the high consumption of its inhabitants of pinol.
Managua is the capital of the Central American country since 1858 although it was not originally planned so the decision came after an agreement reached by liberal and conservative caudillos who fought for years to determine which would be the main Nicaraguan city León or Granada in the end one of them became in the capital.
The ‘screaming’ is a Nicaraguan festival in honor of La Purísima Concepción de María, celebrated on the night of December 7, this religious festival is celebrated in all the towns and cities of Nicaragua, having the main relevance in León where it originates in This festivities devotees walk the street and visit altars in honor of the Virgin Mary in temples and private houses making chants and burning gunpowder, while shouting ‘who causes so much joy’ and responds ‘the conception of Mary’ after sing to the virgin people receive in exchange traditional sweets, toys or food depending on the host.
Nicaragua possesses two patrimonies of humanity recognized by UNESCO, which are the ruins of Old Leon and the Cathedral of León, as well as two cultural and intangible assets recognized by UNESCO, the language, music and culture of the Garifunas and the Güegüense.